Fair Trade & Organic Coconut Palm Sugar
The Coconut Palm – Cocos nucifera can grow in a wide variety of soils from coarse substrates to clay so long as the soil has good drainage and aeration. It tolerates a wide range of pH. Although the Coconut Palm prefers environments with uniform rainfall (1000–2000 mm [40–80 in] annually) and high relative humidity, it can survive in arid areas given adequate soil moisture. In arid areas, irrigation, run-off from structures such as roofs and pavement, or even household gray-water can be employed to keep soil moisture above minimum levels. Gray-water from showers, and sinks are ideal, as these sources contain some nutrients.
Aliet Green Coconut Palm Sugar Fair Trade & Organic, also known as Coconut Blossom Sugar, is a natural sweetener originally made from the sugary sap (Neera/Toddy) harvested from the blossom of the Cocos nucifera Palm. Our sugar is produced Kulon Progo in the Special Province of Yogyakarta in Java island. The Coconut Palm Sugar Fair Trade & Organic from Kulon Progo is of the highest quality and is Certified Organic by IMO Switzerland meeting the EU (EC No 834/2007 & EC No 889/2008), American (USDA-NOP) and Japanese Agricultural Standards (JAS).
Coconut Palm Sugar Fair Trade & Organic from Kulon Progo is also the first to be certified Fair Trade by IMO Switzerland according to the standards of the Fair For Life – Social Responsibility program from IMO Switzerland
Although the names are used interchangeably, Palm Sugar, Aren Palm Sugar and Coconut Palm Sugar are not the same. Palm Sugar commonly comes from the Palmyra Palm Tree (Borassus flabellifer) or Sugar Palm, Aren Palm Sugar comes from the Aren Palm Tree (Arenga pinnata) and Coconut Palm Sugar comes from the Coconut Palm Tree (Cocos nucifera). All are produced from the sweet, watery sap that drips from cut flower buds.
For Aliet Green’s Fair Trade & Organic Coconut Palm Sugar, a Coconut Farmer must climb his Coconut Palm Trees at least two times a day to harvest the sap (Neera/Toddy). In average Coconut Palm Sugar Farmers climb up and down the coconut tree up to 25 m within 3-2 minutes, between 40 to 100 times a day, depending on the number of Coconut Trees harvested by the Farmer.
A Coconut Palm Tree starts to develop the first Blossom after 10 to 15 years and can only produce an average of around 4 liter (approx 1 Gallon) of sap per day. The Tapper (the one who gathers the sap) collects the sap from the Coconut Palm Tree (Cocos nucifera) without the benefits of mechanized or any automated system for harvesting.
As an example:
A Palmyra Palm Tree (Borassus flabellifer) or Sugar Palm produces an average of 8 liters (2.11 gallons) per day.
An Aren Palm Tree (Arenga pinnata) can produce about 7 liters (1.8 gallons) of sap per day.
A Coconut Palm Sugar Farmer needs to work almost twice as much as compared to tapping the Borassus or the Aren Palm Trees to produce the same amount of Coconut Palm Sugar Fair Trade & Organic.
For producing one Kilogram of Fair Trade & Organic Coconut Palm Sugar (Cocos nucifera), the Farmer needs about 8 liter (2 gallons) of sap (Neera/Toddy). There are many different factors that are responsible for the quality of the sugar. Variances in the quality of the sugar will occur due to tree age, variety, harvest weather, number of the flower stalk from which sap is harvested, soil quality, elevation of the area as well as the Tappers technique.
Each harvest time the Coconut flowers are freshly cut by the Tapper to drain the sugary sap (Neera/Toddy). The sap is collected into bamboo container the Tapper brings up to Coconut Palm Trees.
To neutralize the slight acid content of the sugary sap (Neera/Toddy), the Coconut Farmers are using a mix of the dried resin of the Mangosteen Fruits, which are also certified Organic and Limestone.